Design Features of Automobiles


Automobiles are the four-wheeled vehicles that people use to get from one place to another. They are a major part of modern life and cannot be imagined without them.

The automobile is a complex technical system that uses subsystems with specific design functions and is built from thousands of component parts. It consists of various technologies, including electronic computers, high-strength plastics, and new alloys of steel and nonferrous metals.

There are many different types of automobiles, ranging from compact cars to heavy-duty trucks. Each has a specific purpose and requires specialized design elements. The following are some of the most important features that should be present on the interior and exterior of a car:

Body (50 points) The body of an automobile is where all the components and systems of the vehicle are housed. It determines the aerodynamics and safety of the car. It also gives the car its shape and gives room for passengers and storage.

Engine (35 points) The engine of an automobile combines several components, such as pistons, piston rings and valves, to produce the power that is used to move the wheels. Its design influences the performance of the automobile, including the speed it can travel and how far it can go in a single tank of fuel.

Transmission (25 points) The transmission is a mechanical device that allows the engine to move the wheels. It can be either manual or automatic. It varies by make and model, but it usually has multiple gears that can be changed from the driver’s seat.

Braking (25 points) The braking system is a key component of an automobile. It enables the vehicle to stop quickly in case of an emergency and prevents it from rolling over on a slope or cliff.

Steering (15 points) The steering system is another crucial part of the car. It controls the motion of the car’s wheels, allowing the driver to steer the car properly and safely.

Wheels and tires (25 points) The wheels of an automobile help the vehicle to move around smoothly on the road. They are made of different materials and can be rubber or plastic.

A tire’s size and weight are important factors in the car’s stability. Hence, a good tire should have good grip, a high load capacity, and low rolling resistance.

The tires of an automobile should be designed with the correct inflation to keep the air pressure inside the tyres at the desired level. This helps the car to drive in a comfortable manner and avoids any bumps or potholes along the way.

Structural Changes to Reduce Collisions and Injuries

The automobile has been around for over a century and has had its share of collisions, accidents and injuries. However, there have been improvements in the way that automobiles are built and in the technologies that protect the driver and the passengers from harm.

One of the greatest improvements in the automobile was in the design and manufacturing of the car itself. This meant that the car was easier to assemble and cheaper to produce. This led to a plethora of manufacturers producing automobiles.

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