News is the collection and dissemination of information about events. It may be factual, entertainment, or a mix of both. A news story must be new, significant, or interesting.
Historically, news was transmitted over wire services or printed on paper. However, with the advent of the Internet, the business model of news organizations has changed dramatically. Now, news is delivered through several different media, such as newspapers, television, radio, and even mobile devices. In order to make the most of the medium, journalists need to understand the fundamentals of the “news value” of information.
In order to define the news value of information, researchers must first understand how audiences and journalists choose to receive and evaluate information. Although news values can vary among societies, they are generally based on the same factors. For instance, the news value of an event may depend on whether the incident is significant in the eyes of the audience. There are also other factors that determine the quality of news stories. These factors include the time factor and the impact of the story on the readers.
The importance of the news value of information is a topic of debate. Scholars have proposed various ways to explain the values of news. Two of these theories are the Political Model and the Mirror Model. Both models describe that news is a form of knowledge that reflects the ideological biases of the people who receive it.
According to the Political Model, news represents the political pressures faced by the people. News values favor powerful elites. This means that they are more likely to be shaped by a society’s beliefs and politics. On the other hand, the Mirror Model suggests that news is more accurate and representative of reality.
Other theories, such as the Organizational Model, rely on the idea that news values favor press releases generated by the PR department of a media organization. However, the study of news values has only been limited by the absence of empirical research on the subject.
One method that has been used to define news value is the Galtung and Ruge criteria. They expanded their study of newspaper readers to other print publications and surveyed a variety of sources. Using this method, Galtung and Ruge defined four different types of newspaper articles.
One of these categories is human interest. This type of story is intended to evoke emotion. People take interest in incidents where confrontation occurs between groups and nations. If a large group of people dies, such as in a war, the news value of that event increases.
Another type of news is hard news. These stories are written, video, or data. Hard news can have a positive or negative effect on the reader’s perception of the world.
Some scholars have argued that news values are influenced by subjective factors such as the environment in which the journalist works and the political hierarchy of a newspaper. Researchers should also consider the social media platforms in which the news is published. Social media sites, such as Twitter and Facebook, can provide an audience with a wide range of feedback about the news they read.